confederations are the only associative structures of the private environment
with the legitimacy acquired to be consulted by the authorities in the
legislative process, as well as the legal right to negotiate collective labour
agreements and to initiate legislative proposals.
confederations are autonomous organizations, without political or economic
interests, set up to defend and promote the interests of its members.
unions are legitimate organizations set up by employees based on the right of
free association, in order to promote their professional, economic and social
interests, as well as to defend individual and collective rights. Along with
employers, trade unions are consulted in the legislative process and have the
legal right to negotiate collective bargaining agreements and initiate
Social Dialogue vs. Civic Dialogue
There is an
important distinction between social dialogue and civic dialogue. While social
dialogue takes place between employers 'and workers' representatives, to which
are added central or local authorities, the participants in the civic dialogue
are both employers and trade unions and civil society representatives (NGOs) in
the Economic and Social Committee (CES), to which may be added, in other
formats, representatives of the Government or other public authorities.
Therefore, the social partners are only the employers 'and trade unions'
Economic and Social Council (CES)
It is an
advisory body of the Romanian Parliament and Government in areas related to
economic, financial, and fiscal policies, labor relations, social protection,
wage and equal opportunities policies, education, youth, sustainable
development, liberal professions, etc. CES members include representatives of
nationally representative employers, trade unions and civil society, who meet
in the Specialist Committees and in the Plenary.
Tripartite National Council for Social Dialogue (CNTDS)
It is a
national advisory body of the social partners, chaired by the Prime Minister
comprising the presidents of the nationally representative employers 'and trade
unions' confederations, government representatives, the representative of the
National Bank of Romania, the president of the Economic and Social Council and
other members agreed with the social partners. Among the topics addressed are
establishing the minimum wage, strategies and projects in the social field,
negotiating and reaching agreements and social pacts, establishing activity
Social dialogue committees within ministries and local authorities
an advisory role and include representatives of the central or local public
administration, representatives of employers' organizations and nationally
representative trade unions.
the social partners and their kind of representation are regulated by the Law
on Social Dialogue No. 62/2011.
Social Dialogue in EU
is part of the European social dialogue through BusinessEurope, the largest
organization representing the interests of the business environment at European
level and the European civic dialogue through its representative in the
European Economic and Social Council (EESC).
International Social Dialogue
Tripartite Agency *, is the forum for international tripartite social dialogue
with governments, employers, and workers' representatives in the Member States.
Concordia is representing Romanian employers at IOM by joining the
International Organization of Employers (IOE).
Do you wonder who the EU social partners are and what they do? Are you interested in knowing more about sectoral or cross-industry social dialogues? European social dialogue involves organisations representing the two sides of industry (employers and workers) who play a key role in addressing the challenges our societies and labour markets are facing. Social dialogue at all levels is a prerequisite for the functioning of Europe’s social market economy and crucial to promote both competitiveness and fairness.